- Don't panic, but also don't underestimate the situation
- If you don't feel well, stay at home
Call your doctor before you go there.
Avoid ill people.
- Be responsible, considerate and caring.
Wash your hands regularly. How to do it?
Call your doctor before you go there.
Stay isolated if you are ordered to.
All of us can help to prevent this disease.
What is coronavirus?
Term coronavirus is used for any virus belonging to the Coronaviridae family. This family is organized in two sub-families and both of them cause various diseases with different levels of severity. Coronavirus disease 2019 - "COVID-19," is an infection caused by a specific virus SARS-CoV-2*, which was first discovered in late 2019 in Wuhan, China.
The name coronavirus is derived from the Latin corona, meaning "crown". Protein spikes covering the surface of the virus create this specific crown shape.
*SARS-CoV-2 = Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome - Corona Virus
How is it spread?
Coronavirus is spread from human to human, just like a common flu = through air by small particles and liquid droplets. It mainly affects the respiratory tract and conjunctivas.
Coughing or blowing nose
Kissing and during sex
Touching an infected surface
Important! You can get infected even from asymptomatic patients, who don't even know about the disease yet. Spread radius up to 2 metres.
Source: UpToDate a WHO
Incubation period is the time elapsed between virus exposure and first symptoms Incubation period of coronavirus is 2 to 14 days ... that's why the quarantine, when returning from affected locations, is set to 2 WEEKS.
The risk of getting infected is the same for all people. Children and young people, however, often experience only mild symptoms of the disease.
What are the symptoms?
The symptoms are similar to flu:
- Breathing problems*
- Muscle fatigue
- Loss of appetite
*Some patients experience pneumonia, which can result in respiratory failure.
Other common symptoms are:
- Sore throat
- Stuffy nose
- Sometimes even nausea and diarrhea.
Duration of the disease with mild symptoms: 2 weeks.
Duration of the disease with severe symptoms: 6 weeks.
How is it diagnosed?
The doctor may take some samples, including saliva, nasal swab and throat swab, to send for testing.
How is it treated?
There is no specific antiviral medicine yet. The treatment is mostly symptomatic, depending on individual needs of each patient. If the symptoms are mild, the patient can stay home and treat the symptoms there. If the symptoms are severe, the patient needs to be put in hospital (in case of breathing problems, for example).
Source: UpToDate, WHO a MZ ČR
Recommendations regarding quarantine
- Be considerate! Breaking the quarantine can put you and people around at risk. This behaviour can be fined by up to 3 mil. CZK.
- Stay at home! Don't go to work, schools, shops or pharmacies. Have your goods delivered. Don't use public transport or a taxi.
- Isolate yourself. Stay in a separate room with a good circulation of air. If you share a bathroom or a toilet, clean it after you use it. Separate your towels, use one for your hands, another for your body.
- Call your doctor before you visit him/her.
- Wash your hands regularly with water and soap for at least 20 seconds. Learn to wash them properly!
- Cover your mouth and nose with a disposable tissue when coughing or sneezing. Throw these tissues into a sealed trash can after use and wash your hands afterwards.
- Don't share household goods such as plates, cutlery, towels, blankets, etc. Wash your dishes and clothes separately. Put your clothes into a plastic bag and take them out only after you get a negative test result from your doctor.
- Wear a face mask when sharing a room with other people.
- Wash your clothes at high temperatures. The recommended temperature is at least 60°C. Use disposable gloves and wash your hands afterwards. Clean and disinfect all surfaces around the washing machine. Don't use public laundries.
- Don't invite other people to your houses. If you thinks it's necessary to see someone, talk about it with your doctor. Try to limit personal contact to a minimum, use online communication.
- Limit your contact with pets and wash your hands before and after.
- Be responsible with your trash. If you are infected, put any trash into a plastic bag and seal it properly.
- Watch your symptoms. If your health condition gets worse, call your doctor. Consider if it's a case of emergency, if so, call 112.
What to do when...
...you think you might be infected?
- DON'T GO OUTSIDE
- CALL YOUR GP OR YOUR REGIONAL PUBLIC HEALTH AUTHORITY
- IF THEY DECIDE:
a. YOU NEED TO GET TESTED ->
FOLLOW THEIR ORDERS
b. YOU DON'T NEED TO GET TESTED ->
- FOLLOW THE RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE GOVERNMENT
- BE RESPONSIBLE AND CONSIDERATE
- DON'T GO OUTSIDE
- IF YOU FEEL WELL, FOLLOW “HOW TO PREVENT” SECTION
Do you need help?
Go to koronavirus.mzcr.c or call 1212
Call the National Institute of Public Health hotline: 724 810 106, 725 191 367, 725 191 370
Call your insurance company hotline:
VZP 952 222 222
VoZP 844 888 888
OZP 261 105 555
ČPZP 810 800 800
ZP ŠKODA 800 209 000
ZPMV 844 211 211
RBP 800 213 213
If you cannot reach the hotlines, keep calm and try again later.
How to prevent the disease?
Every one of us can help to stop the spreading of the virus by being empathetic, cautious and caring. Follow these rules:
- Wash your hands regularly. Use water and soap. Do it every time after you get home or in case you touched other people, animals or surfaces outside. Learn to wash your hands properly! It's also good to use antibacterial hand gel with 60 % alcohol.
- Cover your mouth with a sleeve when coughing or sneezing. Don't use your hand.
- Use disposable tissues and wash your hands every time you use them.
- Try to avoid crowded places. Stay at home if you can.
- Don't touch your face. Especially your mouth, nose and eyes. If you accidentally touch it, wash your hands afterwards.
- Avoid infected people. If you need to see them, stay at least 1-2 metres away from them.
- Limit your travel to a bare minimum. Public transport and taxi included.
- Take care of your health. Get enough sleep, eat healthy, drink enough water and don't forget to exercise.
- Clean and disinfect. Especially objects and surfaces that are frequently touched. Door knobs, computers, mobile phones, nightstands… Choose a disinfection that kills viruses as well as germs.
- Cook your meal thoroughly. Especially meat and eggs.
- Use protective equipment. Gloves, glasses, face masks.
- Wear a face mask.
There is no vaccination protecting from COVID-19 yet.
How to wash your hands?
When and how to use face mask
Use face mask when:
- If you think, you may have encountered an infected person
- If you have symptoms (coughing, sneezing, fever…)
- If you want to protect people around you (everytime you go out; especially if you go to the doctor or a pharmacy).
- If you are taking care of an infected person.
How to use it?
- Wash your hands with water and soap or use a disinfection before and after you touch the face mask.
Cover your nose and mouth and make sure the mask fits well - there shouldn't be any free space.
Don't touch the mask.
If it's wet, change it for a new one.
If you want to take it off, touch the strings in the back, not the mask itself.
Disposable face masks are meant to be used only once.
Throw it into a sealed trash can after use.
If you use cotton face masks, you should have more than one piece to change them between uses. Wash them at high temperatures and iron them afterwards.
Support a team of young and enthusiastic doctors from Loono on their way to raising public awareness.
In order to be able to train even more people, we will need your help. Your allowance at the Darujme.cz platform will support the purchasing of educational models, printing of brochures, and cover our trainers' travel expenses. This will enable us to teach even more people how to take proper care of their #boobsandballs and heart.